ICE-X and the Phoenix Program
Operation Phoenix - ( The Phoenix Program )
Operation Phoenix became official in 1968 however existed for years before that - Operation Phoenix was instigated by the CIA with an aim to, ' destabalize, neutralize, capture and kill ' members of an organization the CIA called the VCI (Viet Cong Infrastructure ) - The program was designed to disrupt any civilian activity that supported the VC south of the DMZ - this included people that supplied guides, foods, storage dumps, people who helped with conscription to the VC. The Central Intelligence Agency turned the Operation over to the US Army and the ARVN in 1968 and continued to operate until 1972 -
Not many of these patches were made - the patches was assigned to US and RVN soldiers working on Operation Phoenix. Also called the Phoenix Program.
ICEX was the CIA Operated Pacificiation Program, forerunner of the Phoenix Program.
The operation ran from as early as 1961. Was organized and operated by CIA operatives out of the Saigon station, in conjunction with South Vietnam Intelligence Operatives and Indigenous Mercenaries.
Only officially named in 1967, ICEX was in actuality operating from as early as 1961. Run by the CIA the later Phoenix Program (Operation Phoenix / Phoenix Assassination Program) was to borrow most of it's ideas from this unit.
In many cases, post 1966, ICEX operated in conjunction with the Phoenix Program although it remained a separate, CIA run entity that sat with MACV-SOG For convenience.
ICEX was considerably more aggressive than the Phoenix Program.
ICEX and The Phoenix Program - Comparison
- Phoenix Program responsible for the Neutralizing of some 30,000 Suspected Enemy
- Phoenix Program responsible for the arrest of some 50,000 Suspected enemy.
Of the 80,000 suspects suggested, 37% of suspects were neutralized.
- ICEX responsible for Neutralizing of at least 11,000 enemy
- ICEX responsible for minimal arrests, certainly less than 600
ICEX was known for targeting it's prey in a much clearer way than the Phoenix Program.
Of the 11,600 suspects dealt with under the ICEX Program, 95% were neutralized.